Search Engine Optimization

Best Practices SEO Guide for Law Firms

A detailed guide for obtaining the best search engine optimization rankings for law firms.


SEO Guidelines & Best Practices for Law Firms

Let me guess. You are here because you are either: 1) not ranked high, 2) been burned by other SEO providers, or 3) starting out your new practice and want immediate inquiries.

We can help. The following is a very detailed and very long guide of practical tips and information to help your law firm grow in 2018 and beyond. Keep reading to see how it all works.

SEO Basics

First off, why should you listen to us? Our SEO campaign management started with our Founder, Peter Boyd, an attorney. He began building and ranking websites high in 2001 as an associate at his intellectual property firm in Florida. We have continued that tradition now almost two decades later. We currently help hundreds of firms with ongoing SEO campaigns.

You can grow your practice by doing five simple things - all of this you can do yourself. It will take time to write, build links, and share your information. But if you invest, then you will become an authority online. If you need help, then contact us, we would be glad to assist. In the interim, here are our top 6 tips to start you off.

  1. Write. Write. Write.
    Writing long form content is the most important thing you can do in 2018. Make sure you turn your 250 word articles into 2,500 word articles. Turn your website into a Law Hub.
  2. Don’t Spam.
    Don’t try to trick the search engines. Don’t engage in manipulative tactics. Don’t engage in techniques that will eventually get banned. Check out Webmaster Tools if you think you have engaged in shady practices in the past.
  3. Build Quality over Quantity
    Back links are still important. But realistically, you only need the best ones – so go for quality, not quantity. Nail down the best legal directories and get your firm listed. Nail down all your local citations and make sure your NAP (Name Address Phone) is all the same. Nail down article writing and outreach other websites with quality ideas. Finally, obtain media mentions from other sites when you win big cases or have important announcements.
  4. Focus - Don’t Dilute your Website
    Start focusing your SEO campaign on a few phrases and a few practice areas, then branch out once you have nailed the process to rank high for those.
  5. Build a better website that focuses on Bounce Rate, Time on Site, and Good Usability
    Google’s RankBrain takes into account time on site, bounce rate, and click-thru rates. You need to have a listing that draws attention so that people click on your search result AND keeps the users attention once they visit your page. Your goal is to become the authoritative person in your area with the most all-inclusive discussion on your practice area. You will rank if you do this correctly. Make your website easy to use. Make your website easy to find information. Make it easy to contact you. Check your website logs for your bounce rate and time on site. Make sure there are no errors.

Happy Clients. Positive Results.

PaperStreet Web Design
5 stars - "Unmatched SEO." PaperStreet has handled our SEO work for several years. Their expertise with search engine optimization is unmatched in my view. If you are looking for a company to optimize and market your website, I highly recommend PaperStreet!
February 1, 2018

Common SEO Issues & Complaints

SEO is hard. Anyone telling you otherwise does not have a client dominate in the top search results of a major market. Getting ranked high in search is challenging. You are probably reading this copy because you are either:

  1. Ranking Low – You search results show on page two or below. In short, you are not getting any traffic and you need to rank higher.
  2. New to the Game – You’re just learning about best practices and want to start off with good content and good links.
  3. Penalized - You had great results, but suddenly fell out of favor with Google. You probably need help with a disavow file, back link cleanup, or editing your copy to stop over-optimization.
  4. Going Broke – You are wasting money monthly on a team and want to know how you can improve.
  5. Too Busy - You want to be practicing law, not worrying about writing about the latest news in Corporate law or reaching out to journalists to pick up backlinks.

In any market there are at least 10 firms that would love to be on page one of search for your practice area. Sometimes there are hundreds of firms vying for the coveted first page in your area.

Second, each year Google is making it more difficult by promoting paid listings and directories to fill out all the first page slots. In fact, on most searches there are between three and five slots available for any area. So you are limited to being THE best resource for your practice area (or at least in the top three).

Third, you end up with confusing advice from a variety of vendors. Tactics may be on the cutting-edge, but could get you banned eventually. Some tactics and advice is simply outdated.


What is SEO

"Let me Google it." In the age of digital media, these four words have become synonymous with settling debates, answering tough questions and, most importantly, tracking down reliable businesses.

  • Are some stop signs optional? Let me Google it.
  • Am I at fault for a side impact collision? Google it.
  • Looking for the top car accident lawyer in Florida? Well.. you get the point.

SEO Is a Science

Search engine optimization is the science of making your web pages relevant to keyword phrases that a prospective client may use to search for and find your firm. You start by defining what keyword phrases we should target, then obtain top rankings for each of those keyword phrases through our proven methods.

Is SEO Needed?

When we meet with new clients, we’re often met with the same question: Is SEO really necessary? The answer is maybe?. Yes. Maybe. Some clients will rank naturally on their own due to their power of their domain and their quality content. Of course, they probably had help writing content, building a good website, and getting mentioned online. Those are the key elements of SEO. If you do that naturally, awesome.

If not, then search engine optimization is becoming more and more competitive every day. Attorneys are increasing their spending on online marketing, and those who don’t follow suit often suffer the consequences. That’s why it’s so important to choose a SEO company that knows how to produce real, long-term results.


Tactics & What Should be Included

Features of any Search Engine Optimization Plan

  • Research & Strategy - Start by determining which keyword phrases will be more effective by looking at past searches. You can use Google Keyword Planner as a great resource (just need a free Google account).
  • Site Architecture & On-Page Changes - Next you need to organize your website to be search friendly. Keep your site as close as possible to flat, with a small pyramid of pages. You also need to create friendly URLs, tags, and code.
  • Authority - You need to obtain links, thus ensuring that you are well positioned to rank high. You need do this in several ways: 1) legal directories, 2) regular directories, 3) local listings, 4) writing content and publishing offsite, 5) getting PR / media mentions, 6) getting social, 7) sponsoring local events, 8) sponsoring national events, 9) outreach to bloggers, and 10) building such a great website that people want to link to it as a resource.
  • Content - Search engines award points to websites that offer relevant information. You need to make sure your practice areas have between 2,000 and 5,000 words per page. Become THE dominant resource online.
  • Social Media - You need to not only publish your content, but get others to notice your content.
  • Analysis of Campaign & Consulting - Search rankings change constantly. Each month you should review your bounce rate, time on page, exit pages, and of course sessions.

Research & Strategy

When you start a campaign, the first part of our project is always research. You want to understand your firm, competitors, and where you can improve results. You should create a detailed strategy that involves website updates, authority through links, content writing, social media, and a focus on analytics for conversions.

Site Architecture & On-Page Changes

Once the strategy is finalized and what keyword phrases to target, you should build a new site architecture and plan to support your content needs. In short, we recommend changes to your existing site, new pages to be written, and any other updates that can help. This includes title tags, meta descriptions, rich snippets, XML sitemaps and more.

Authority & Link-Building

In the world of SEO, authority is everything. Without high-quality citations and links, your website will not be able to outperform your competitors. Despite popular belief, it’s not about quantity when it comes to link-building. You should focus on fewer, high-value links.

You want your backlink profile to be as substantial and natural as possible so that it will withstand the test of time -- not just make a quick jump in rankings until your site is penalized for spammy backlinks. You can focus your team on local listings, testimonials and reviews, video marketing, social media, blogging opportunities, events, seminars and more!

Custom Content

You need to produce unique content. Period. Yes, you can write 2,000 to 3,000 words on very niche topics. We have produced niche articles on FATCA that rank at the top of search. If we can do it on a simple tax area, then you can do it on your key areas.

Social Media

Social media is everywhere! If you’re not utilizing your Facebook, Twitter and other social accounts, you’re missing out on an easy way to increase brand awareness and interact with potential clients. Get signed up for Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn at the very least. I also recommend a YouTube account for videos, Instagram, Pinterest, and yes, still Google+. A key account is also Google My Business.

Analysis of the Campaign & Consulting

Stay in the loop! Each month you need to review your current rankings and traffic, and pitch you fresh, exciting new ideas for your website.

See also What Steps are Involved in a SEO Campaign?


Campaign Responsibilities

If you want a successful campaign, you need you to do the following things. No exceptions. You need to have a vested interest in your campaign.

  • Maintain an active blog with optimized content. Content is key to ranking higher.
  • Your Keywords. Examine your keyword phrases on a quarterly basis and ask yourself the following questions: Is this all still relevant to my firm? Is something not working? Do you need a change? Are your keywords casting too wide of a net and not as honed in as they can be?
  • Your Content. Do you have valuable content embedded into the pages of your website that are specifically for your targeted keywords? Are these pages core content pages (part of the main architecture of the website? Does each page have 500 words or more, including landing pages and blog posts, and are they incorporating your targeted keyword phrases several times throughout?
  • Blogging. Blogging is extremely important and develops relevancy to your website. Do you blog? Do you know what to blog about? When was the list time you posted new content to your website? When blogging, there are a few things that can be done though to make them stronger:
  • 2,000+ Word count. Google wants to see at least 500 words on any page of content and most top ranked sites have about 2,000 words per page. This is includes blogs too.
  • Relevant Content. Keeping word count in mind, the more you write the more opportunity you have to weave in the keywords of your campaign into your content. The more you do that, the more relevant your posts and website becomes.
  • Frequent Content. Ideally, we tell clients they should be blogging daily or weekly or, at the very least, monthly. We realize that might not be possible but the point is to post as much as you can.
  • Social Media. Are you active on your social media accounts? Do you reply and respond to comments? Are you engaged and networking within these accounts? Being active on Social Media is the "lite" version of blogging. It is literally networking with your audience and being active on there can really help establish a brand. It also really helps Search Engines connect relevant content leading to your website. Posting on Social Media is not enough though; networking and searching within the social networks to find users can drive business.
  • Videos/YouTube Channel. We highly recommend doing videos and setting up a youtube.com channel for the firm. Videos, particularly YouTube channels, are really valued at this point. They carry a lot of relevancy and authority. Google (who bought YouTube) wants to see video submissions and your relevancy within your submissions.
  • Link Directories, Press Release and Article Submissions. On May 22nd 2013, Google rolled out its next generation of the Penguin algorithm update affecting its searches. Directories are now occupying most of the top slots of any given phrase. We have always recognized the power of these listings, however, they have been given even more importance after the update. Having said that, another great way to gaining even more authority is to join these website directories.
  • Relevant Domain Names. Do you have valuable content embedded into the pages of your website that are specifically for your targeted keywords? Are these pages core content pages (part of the main architecture of the website? Does each page have 500 words or more, including landing pages and blog posts, and are they incorporating your targeted keyword phrases several times throughout?

Need help maintaining your blog? We can do that. Need help managing your social media accounts? We have a person for that. Need advice about how to implement good blogging and social media practices? Let us help you. All you have to do is ask.


What Should Not be Included

There are a lot of bad SEO tactics. If a firm is offering you any of these techniques or tactics, you should simply walk away. In fact, your firm should avoid these items at all costs (some may harm your campaign for years):

  • Bad Back Links – This can include reciprocal linking, link schemes, paid links, and the worst of them all – low quality directory links. The good news is if you do run into bad back links, you can always disavow (although it may take months to update).
  • Short Blog Posts – The days of 250 word posts is definitely out. The days of 500 word posts may be coming to an end too. Instead focus on long-form content that can truly dominate in search results.
  • Outsourcing the Work – Make sure the agency you sign with is actually doing the work and simply not referring business.
  • Long-Term Contracts - Avoid any agency that locks you into a long term deal.
  • Duplicate Content – Creating the same content on your own site (or others) can lead to massive quality issues in your website and dilute your key pages.
  • Not Adhering to Google’s Search Engine Guidelines – Google has its own webmaster guidlines that should be followed. Check them out here.
  • Using Old Techniques – There are hundreds of techniques that are now outdated, some mentioned in this top list. If your firm is using old techniques, be wary.
  • Keyword Stuffing – Jamming your copy full of stuffed terms makes it hard to read and does not help your campaign.
  • Doorway Pages – Creating multiple, copycat pages to rank high for various phrases is typically not allowed. Instead create unique content for your topics.
  • Cloaking – the ability to show one page to users and another to search engines has been around awhile now, but violates Google’s guidelines. If caught, it can lead to a penalty.
  • Slow Loading Website – If your website scores low in Google’s Page Speed Insights and other tools, you should invest in an upgrade of your website.
  • Not Focusing on Mobile – If you do not focus on mobile and mobile indexing, you are going to hurt your website long term.
  • Webmaster Tools Errors – Check your webmaster tool login and make sure you don’t have any penalties or indexing errors.
  • Anchor Links – Don’t get spammy with inbound anchor text links to your website. You can be penalized for having too much of a direct match between your anchor link, title tag, H1 tag and content.
  • Over Optimized Domains – You don’t need to have a domain with keywords to rank high. Any site can rank high with proper content and authority.
  • Stuffing Keywords into your Meta Description and Title Tags – Make your content fit naturally. In fact, your title tag should be a key selling point and your meta description should back up with a good reason to click on the article. If you can include the keyword phrase, great. But if not, don’t force it into the tags.
  • Too Many Similar Pages – Just like duplicate content, you should not have too many pages targeting the exact same keyword phrase. You can naturally include lawyer, attorney and law firm into the same page talking about Corporate law. You don’t need to have three pages on the same topic of corporate law.
  • Multiple Websites – While not a violation, be careful of multiple websites. Often it is more cost effective to put all content into one website, so long as the topics make sense. Don’t just create multiple websites to fool the search engines.
  • Automated Link Building – Don’t fall for the trap of automatic link building through a paid service. You will get burned.
  • Guaranteed Results. Often the guarantees have severely limiting clauses (i.e. for only niche keyword phrases), or a really long time line, or the promise to only work harder. Work with an agency that has a good reputation and promises to be professional and help your site.

Typical SEO Process and Plan

Strategy and Process

Search engine optimization (SEO) is simple. You need to demonstrate that your firm is the industry leader. Using only ethical tactics, you do this by developing high quality content and promoting your website with links.

Strategy: Relevancy & Authority

Google determines search rankings largely on the relevancy of your content and authority of your backlinks. There are also other additional ranking signals to determine these rankings such as social, engagement, domain, and page-level metrics, but the critical two are relevancy and authority.

Our goal is to make your site rank high through quality, in-depth content and to build your authority through quality backlinks (and sometimes usability). Relevancy is making your webpages relevant to the keyword phrases that a prospective client may use to search for and find your firm. Authority is getting backlinks, or essentially a quality and relevant endorsement, from another website back to your website.

Further, in order to stay competitive, you must engage in building a better web presence for your firm. Our Internet marketing plans are also about forming a partnership to grow your business. By following our guidelines and investing in new content, links and upgrades, you will succeed long-term.

The Process

To obtain top rankings, our proven 4 step process is outlined in the details below:

  • Keyword Targeting (Strategy): The foundation of every SEO campaign is to establish a hyper focused keyword phrase list that you are targeting for the campaign. You run this research based off your brief, our kickoff call conversations, our team brainstorms, competitor analysis and searches for effective keywords. Our team presents our keyword research and irrelevant of rounds, you finalize what to specifically target.
  • Content Analysis and Onpage Optimization (Relevancy): In order for your website to demonstrate that you are who you say that you are, you need to prove that to user and search engines alike through content. A comprehensive content plan of core content and monthly content will signify your relevancy.
  • Link Building (Authority): This essential part of the process is where you get backlinks (an incoming link from another website to your website) that is built off of quality – and not quantity. These industry specific endorsements count as “votes” in the eyes of search engines and the higher quality, the better.
  • Reporting and Consultation (Monitoring): Each month, you need to check Google Analytics traffic report. These reports will then show the progression of the campaign. Generally, reports are sent in the second full week of the month, as you spend the first week updating, reviewing and analyzing the reports.

Content Analysis and On-page Optimization

Relevancy is all about your content. In search marketing, you need the proper website content to support your campaign, rank high and drive business. Unique, valuable information and educational content drives traffic because people want to read it, respond to it, and share it: content marketing.

  • Structuring pages for the web and establishing an ongoing content plan.
  • Content Analysis: This first step in the process is complete a SEO Content Analysis of the website. In this analysis, you are essentially auditing the website’s content. You will review the current existing content is strong enough to be compliant with the latest search engine standards upheld by the various search engines. Also, during this time you complete competitor analysis to see what content your competitor have that you do not. At this point, you should outline and suggest new pages fresh, new, valued content (or the amplification of current content) that is particularly focused on demonstrating that your firm is the quintessential resource in your target market. Once all new content is prepared to give your website a competitive advantage, you move onto on-page optimization
  • On-page optimization is the editing and amplification of the campaigns’ keywords amongst your content. It establishes the relevancy of your website for the keywords you are targeting, as each page is assigned a keyword. You will organize your website’s architecture to be search friendly. On-page optimization includes, but is not limited to, the following:
    • Tags: The creation of unique and optimized title tags and meta descriptions.
    • Sitemap Submission: Submit sitemaps (both technically and superficially) so all the pages of your website are indexed properly by the search engines.
    • Technical Compliance: Ensuring the technical aspects are compliant with usability (site architecture), including a spam check, domain redirections, technical and site build modification and content.

Adding content on a regular basis is also important. Companies that blog attract 75% more traffic to their websites. Most of our SEO plans include turnkey monthly blogging services from topic conception through writing and posting. Our blog posts are optimized and customized to your practice area and geographic market.

Link Building – Building Authority to your website

Simply put: You no longer build links, you build an overall authority. In the past, getting simple and direct links was all it took to lead authority to your website. Those days are gone. Building a proper backlink profile is now multi-faceted and intensive than simple link building and requires more research, legwork, time to complete, and time to mature. While you produce fewer links per month, your links will be of a much higher quality.

Authority is based on the quality of backlinks to your site. Even though direct linking remains part of the equation, these links no longer hold the exclusive power. Developing a backlink profile in 2016 and beyond means whatever leads back to your website must be of substance and of quality; and not just a simple link. It is not about quantity, it’s about quality. A quality backlink requires that it is natural (not forced) and makes sense to your practice or industry. Also, a diverse backlink profile is more valued than not: a multitude of backlinks from separate sources or domains is more valued than a multitude from the same location.

Based on your SEO level and your involvement, the progression of your backlink profiles may include (but are absolutely not limited to):

  • Strategy and Setup
    • Backlink Analysis
    • Research new links
    • Social Media/Google Listing/YouTube
    • Assistance with Online Business Reviews
    • Inclusion of “star rating” with reviews once established
  • Fundamentals
    • Specified Links (Legal, Industry, Associations, etc.)
    • Local Listings (Top listings first)
    • Competitor Analysis
    • General Links (Generic business/personal profiles; continued location citations)
    • Paid Listings
    • Article Submissions (hg.org, Quora, medium, etc.)
  • Intermediate
    • Local Community Activism/Sponsorships opportunities
    • Social Posts/Networking/Engagement/Bolstering presence
    • Scholarships opportunities
  • Advanced/Small Business PR
    • Brand Mentions
    • Guest Blogging/Referral Blogs
    • Article Pitches
    • HARO/Media Mentions

Consulting & Reporting: Our Partnership

If you do decide to hire an SEO company, then plan on a partnership. Clients who regularly meet with us and act on our ideas rank higher. While we will handle the majority of the work, we will need your input on content, obtaining some link building, and for feedback, assistance. Once rankings and traffic reports have been sent, during the second week of the month, we will need to meet with you as part of a standing meeting to pitch ideas and gain your approval to proceed.

The main objective is to get a solid return on your investment - turning that higher traffic into clients. By conversion tracking of contact forms and mobile phone call clicks, we assist with this conversion tracking so to "close the loop" of what we are targeting and helping demonstrate the return of this effort into a new customer.

As part of our consulting relationship, we will work on any of the following items on a monthly basis. The work will vary depending on objectives and results of the campaign. In some months we will consult more, in others, we will conduct more on-page optimization or site architecture, or write content. Examples of our work, include:

  • Consulting
    • Set monthly meetings to assess the website and discuss strategy.
    • Report on our monthly findings.
  • Research
    • Research industry trends as they relate to the firm and their goals.
    • Help your firm determine what is best to do and not to do.
  • Content Analysis & Writing
    • Provide a core content strategy to enhance contextual relevancy of website.
    • Determine strategy and frequency of continual blogging.
    • Consultation on the on-page optimization for title tags and meta descriptions.
    • Editing and Writing content, as needed.
  • Analytics
    • Review your website traffic.
    • Highlight popular content on your website to target market.
    • Provide feedback in traffic trends to determine where your users are navigating on your site.
    • Compare and contrast your overall traffic, bounce rate & visitor behavior.
  • Directories / Associations
    • Audit the firm’s and attorney’s profiles to make sure they have a complete profile with A+ quality legal directories and citations. These include, but are not limited to: Avvo, Findlaw, Best Lawyers, SuperLawyers, Findlaw, Cornell/Justia, HG, Martindale and others.
    • List the top 100+ websites and local citations that can bolster your authority.
  • Firm Citations
    • Continual audit of firms’ backlink profile, making sure the firm maintains top quality links only.
    • Check bad & broken backlinks and assisting with their removal.
  • Social Media
    • Make sure firm is setup, branded & active on Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn & Google+.
    • Ensure all social media profiles are complete and firm is engaging with their audience.
  • Technical Consultation
    • Establishing Schema Markup code on website (helping search engines promote your content and enhancing presentation in search results).
    • Continual check of the health of the website through Google Webmaster Tools.
    • Continual internal review of broken link check.

SEO Checklist – Part 1

The following is a step-by-step guide of everything a SEO agency does.

Strategy & Onboarding

  • Kickoff call with client completed
  • Research effective keyword phrases
  • Keyword phrases are approved from client

Website & Rankings Review

  • Mobile-friendly version of the website exists
  • Check homepage for mobile SEO issues
  • Make sure Google Analytics is set up and on every page
  • Make sure Google Search Console (GSC) is set up
  • Submit XML sitemap to Google GSC
  • Fetch as Google and submit all linked pages to the index
  • Check for any messages or notifications from Google (manual actions or security issues)
  • Set up shared user and notification
  • Set geographic target area within GSC appropriately
  • Merge/sync Google Analytics and GSC
  • Make sure schema markup (Local Business) has been applied to the NAP information
  • Add Knowledge Graph schema markup
  • Add client information and keywords in Advanced Web Ranking (AWR) Reporting
  • Setup monthly report in AWR to send to client
  • Google SERP for the country targeting in rankings report
  • Share the SEO link chart document with Link Building team

Content Analysis & Optimization

  • Outline and finalize site architecture and keywords
  • Content audit on the website based on selected keywords.
  • Is there a law hub?
  • Applying on page optimization
  • Recommendation of long form content
  • In-depth “About Us” page including a mission statement, company directory and other signs of legitimate business
  • Robust Contact and/or Customer Service Information
  • Fetch as Google and submit all linked pages to the index
  • Authoritative outbound links are included in content
  • Internal linking has been included within content
  • Main content (purpose of page) is not below the fold

Technical SEO

  • Exclude traffic from us & firm IP address in Analytics
  • Apply custom channel grouping (Level 3 & 4 only)
  • Google Analytics: Exclude all hits from known bots/spiders
  • Navigation and page copy is visible/functions without JS
  • Error pages return error status codes
  • All URLs work with HTTP or HTTPS, but not both
  • Google Analytics Contact Form Goal Setup
  • Google Analytics/Tag Manager Phone Number Click Goal
  • Google Analytics is capturing internal search (if applicable)
  • Run Xenu report and check that all links are functioning
  • Google Analytics - Add domain to referral exclusion list
  • Google Analytics - Add segment to filter out referral spam
  • Apply update to capture Google Translate usage data
  • Run Screaming Frog report
  • Check for redirect chains using Screaming Frog
  • Check for duplicate titles and metas using Screaming Frog
  • Check for canonical errors using Screaming Frog
  • All relevant images have optimized alt tags applied
  • No “splash” entry pages/doorway pages
  • Internal technical duplicate content check
  • Duplicate content is not returned by other websites
  • Check for multiple URLS parameters with same content
  • Hidden text does not exist
  • Keyword stuffing does not exist
  • iFrames, flash or JS links are not being used on the website
  • Confirm no more than 300 links per page exist
  • Confirm no more than 25 footer links
  • Address clearly listed on each page in header or footer
  • Copyright and Blog date stamps are applied
  • Use rel=”canonical” for duplicate pages or check that it should be “noindex; nofollow”
  • 301 redirects for alternative domain names and old pages
  • WWW used only (and the non-www redirects)
  • SEO friendly URLs - short, extension less, close to the URL, less than 74 characters
  • htaccess file is established (if on Apache server)
  • Check/setup browser caching for .htaccess
  • Custom 404 error page exists
  • Broken URLs redirects to 404 page
  • Robots.txt file configured and XML sitemaps are listed
  • Make sure a extensive sitemap page is created
  • Generate a Sitebeam report
  • Site Speed has been checked
  • Safe Browsing Site Status Check
  • In addition to part one, once the site launches, there are still additional tasks to do offsite. You need to begin link building, social media setup, content writing, and ongoing consulting & analysis.

Content Writing (Initial and Ongoing)

  • Initial content writing for the project.
  • Editing of existing pages on website.
  • Ongoing content writing for the project

Link Building

  • Initial Backlink Analysis
  • For all new website launches, run an AWR update the same day as launch of website
  • AWR Baseline Ranking Report
  • OpenSiteExplorer.com Baseline Report
  • Check for Broken & Lost Links
  • Check if business has enough Google reviews to set up review snippet for SERP
  • Periodically review if business is accumulating online reviews and provide best practices guideline
  • Collect Photos from Client for Local Listings
  • Submit Specified Links
  • Submit Local Listings
  • Initial Competitor analysis
  • Submit General Links
  • Recommend Paid Listings
  • Begin Article Submissions
  • Local Community Activism/Sponsorships opportunities
  • Social Posts/Networking/Engagement/Bolstering presence
  • Scholarships opportunities
  • Small Business PR (Brand Mentions/HARO/Pitches)

Analysis and Consulting

  • SEO Content Manager Starts Blogging
  • Quarterly check on campaign keywords
  • Quarterly check on bad backlink profile and disavow
  • Quarterly check on mobile speed of website
  • Quarterly check on Online Business Reviews and Ratings

Social Media

  • Google Local/Business Page listing is claimed
  • Google Maps Link is listed on contact/city pages
  • Inquire about text messaging for Google Listing
  • Facebook is set up and Create custom URL for Facebook
  • Twitter is set up
  • LinkedIn is set up
  • Google Plus Profile is set up
  • Google Publisher is set up
  • YouTube is set up (optional)
  • Verify YouTube channel
  • Video Optimization: Description and Titles, Tagging, Thumbnail Selection, Playlist Creation, Transcriptions, Adding video to relevant website pages and/or gallery
  • Create custom URL for Google+/YouTube
  • Hootsuite is set up (optional)
  • Social media pages include Design Team branding
  • All social media icons are present on website
  • Send client their social media logins & strategies
  • Open Graph meta data has been added
  • Engaging in (not just posting) on social media

Website Redesigns and Transfers Checklist

When you are redesigning or migrating a website, we have a long 100+ step checklist to review. Some key features are:

  • Find All Content – Create reports to showcase ALL content on your current site to map old to new pages.
  • Benchmark Analytics – Keep the same analytics and benchmark analytics to determine traffic spikes and drops.
  • Update Internal Links – You must update links internally, if any have changed.
  • Check Duplicates and Canonicalization – Check out any canonicals or duplicate content on the website.
  • Resolve Duplicates – Check out domains, subdomains, HTTP vs. HTTPs, individual pages, etc.
  • Identify Removed Pages – Make sure any removed pages were done so on purpose.
  • 404 Error Pages & Sitemaps – Create custom 404 error pages. Create a new sitemap and upload to Google.
  • Redirects – Create 301 redirects as needed for all marketing materials, print materials and broken links.

SEO FAQs

Do you have a SEO Process Chart?

Our very detailed SEO process chart for working with law firms. Learn more about our SEO Process.

SEO ROI Calculator

Will SEO work for your firm? Use our calculator to estimate the return on investment (ROI) on our services. Learn more about our ROI calculator.

What are some of the Reviews Best Practices Guide?

Not sure how to obtain online reviews for your business? Learn more about online reviews.

Do you have a Google Analytics Quick Guide

Want to know how to quickly use and understand Google Analytics? Learn more about Google Analytics.

Do I need an SEO company?

In short, maybe. While we can provide resources to help you understand the “basics,” SEO is far from simple. The guidelines and standards for what works and what doesn’t are constantly changing and evolving. We view them like a puzzle or a code that we need to crack, and it can sometimes be challenging. It takes expert knowledge and experience to get the results you need, and more than anything, it takes time. As a lawyer, we know you’re busy handling cases and clients. They need your utmost attention. Leave the technical stuff to us.

What are meta descriptions and title tags, and do I need them?

Title tags and meta descriptions are the on-page elements that appear on search engines. This typically includes a short title that links to your page and a brief description as to what potential clients will find. Writing good title tags and meta descriptions is one of the easiest ways to give your on-page SEO a little boost. While it obviously doesn’t guarantee a #1 ranking, having properly optimized meta tags will ensure that Google knows what terms or keyword phrases you’re trying to rank for. Organic titles and thorough, attention-grabbing descriptions will also lead to more clicks from readers, and more traffic is always a good thing.

How do I recover bad rankings?

It’s okay, we won’t judge you. If you’ve engaged in unethical SEO practices in the past, it might take some time for your site to recover from penalties from search engines. Thankfully, there are a few things you can do that can help repair your relationship with Google. This includes:

  • Cleaning up your backlinks. Remove and disavow those spammy, paid directories and replace them with high-quality links.
  • Writing better content. Google favors original content (which you can find more information on below), so start writing and revising. Clean up your spammy copy and create information that people will want and like to read.
  • Checking out algorithm changes. I know, I know, we’ve said it a lot, but Google’s guidelines for good SEO are always changing, and you need to stay up-to-date on the latest policies to ensure the most success for your website.

What is good content?

There are many questions to ask when you’re writing and reviewing content:

  • Is it easy to read?
  • Is it written for your audience?
  • Does it naturally include our keywords?
  • Is it linkable to other pages on our site?
  • Does it drive readers to take action?
  • Is it better than our competitors?

In general, we recommend that all optimized content be at least 500 words. We actually recommend it to be above 2,000 words (just like this page). It should all be original and feature information that is of value to your readers. This includes general legal website content and marketing materials, blog posts, attorney biographies, legal articles and more! Beware of duplicate content or (even worse) template content, as these will hurt your rankings.

How much content should I produce?

This answer is highly dependant on your market and your competitors. Our new recommendation is over 2,000 word pages. Yes, that is a lot of content, but those tend to rank high (just like this page). We want you to be the expert in your area of law, so we obviously want you to have the most complete and valuable resources. Essentially, anything your competitors do, you can do better. For every two pages that they have, you should have two. This doesn’t mean cranking out low-quality content just to be the best. This means creating content hubs and building out your practice areas so that you are the go-to source for potential clients.

What are some top SEO violations, according to Google?

  • Keyword stuffing. Including your keywords is important in any SEO strategy. However, including them too many times can result in a penalty for keyword stuffing. If your key phrases are appearing in every header and every other sentence, you should prepare yourself to see a serious drop in rankings.
  • Hidden text. To avoid keyword stuffing, some black hat SEO companies will hide their keywords. Whether they are sneaked in your website’s HTML code or hiding in plain site by matching the text color to the page background, hidden text violates Google’s guidelines and should be avoided.
  • Paid links. It might be tempting to resort to paying for links when building a backlink profile for your website. It’s easy, right? Just pay a fee to have your practice added to a variety of online directories. Wrong. Spend the time building organic links, or you’re going to be penalized.
  • Cloaking. When a site is modified to display different content based on who (or what) is viewing it, this is known as cloaking. The version of your site that an average, day-to-day user sees is the same one that should be shown to search engine bots. Anything else is considered a serious SEO violation.
  • Doorway pages. Doorway pages are created to increase the chances of a website appearing multiple times in Google’s search results. These spammy pages redirect users to an internal page without them knowing.

What is a conversion?

Every web page is created with a goal in mind. One goal achieved = one conversion. Clothing retailers want you to purchase their products. News websites want you to subscribe to their publications. For law firms like yours, the goal of your website is to get potential clients to contact you for a consultation. From eye-popping images to attention-grabbing headlines, there are many strategies we use to make sure our lawyers convert.

Does page speed matter?

You bet! We’ve all been through the struggle of waiting for a slow website to load. Studies have shown that more than one third of internet browsers will abandon a site that takes just three seconds or more to load. Even a one second delay in page response can lead to a 7% drop in conversions! And that means you’re losing clients. Not only is a slow website annoying, but it can also affect how Google views your website. Google has stated in the past that site speed and page speed are used by its algorithm to rank pages.
If you’re struggling with the load time of your website, there are a few things we typically look for. Are your plugins bogging you down? How about your code? Are your graphics taking too long to load? You can find more information on how to speed things up here.

Do blogs still matter?

Yes, they do. Companies that blog on a regular basis are shown to attract 75% more traffic to their websites! Google loves seeing fresh, valuable, well-optimized content being added to your site, and what better way to do this than with a blog? In addition to boosting your rankings, these informational posts also help establish your law firm’s credibility, authority and online usability. Potential clients will spend more time on your site, which increases the chance of them contacting you about your services. It’s a win-win situation!

What is a slug and does it matter?

A slug is the part of your website’s URL that explains what each page is about. For example:
www.paperstreet.com/internet-marketing/
The slug for our Internet Marketing page is, simply, internet-marketing. This clearly communicates to users and search engines alike what the focus of the page should be. The best slugs are short and to-the-point, and they should closely match the keyword phrase you are targeting for that page.

What directories should I have my law firm listed?

Only high quality directories matter. Please DON’T sign up for 1,000+ link buys. You will actually kill your rankings and require more work for a massive disavow file. You can check out our detailed article about this topic here. Link building is an important part of dominating Google rankings. If you are new to link building, the list below will be helpful as you begin your journey to the number one spot in the rankings. At a minimum, we recommend a profile for each of these local directories, legal directories and social media sites. However, we always recommend to make sure each site is relevant to your business.

Should I disavow bad links?

Yes, but only as a last resort. Disavowing bad links is a great way to clean up your act when it comes to low-quality links. But sometimes a website, like one of those spammy directories mentioned above, might ask for you to pay them to remove a link. This isn’t necessary. Disavowing a link sends a clear message to Google that you no longer associate with the website in question and don’t want it to count toward your ranking. However, they will want to see that you made an effort to have the link removed the old-fashioned way.

What is duplicate content?

Duplicate content is just what its name suggests -- content that is found in more than one place online. We see this most often with SEO companies who reuse content for various clients, or -- even worse -- plagiarize content from other websites. Duplicate content isn’t always intentionally malicious though! It’s important to check your site for unintentional violations that could occur from fault URL variations and code.

What is the difference between paid and organic results?

The difference between paid and organic results is easy to understand! Paid or inorganic results are simply search results that advertisers have paid for. They typically appear at the top or the side of the page, above the organic listings. Organic listings are free, and their ranking and position depends completely on Google’s algorithms.

How do you decide which keywords to use?

At PaperStreet, we rely on in-depth keyword research to determine which keywords will be the most relevant, most competitive and most lucrative for your law firm. Some of our steps for this process include:

  • Establish your geographical area. Determining the region you want to focus on -- whether it’s a specific city, county or sometimes even nationwide -- is the first step to creating an effective list of keywords.
  • Identify keywords based on content. Content based around keyword phrases is viewed as more relevant by search engines and will help improve your rankings.
  • Add keyword suffix terms. Don’t just focus on one term! In the legal industry, there are so many options available to you. Use the terms “lawyer,” “lawyers,” “attorney,” “attorneys,” “law firm,” and “law firms” for the best results.
  • Use suggestion tools. Tools like Google Adwords’ Keyword Planner and other sites like Ubersuggest are a great resource for generating ideas you might have missed.Adwords’ Keyword Planner and other sites like Ubersuggest are a great resource for generating ideas you might have missed.

How many times should I use a keyword on a page?

Unfortunately there’s no magic formula for how many times a keyword should be included in your copy. At PaperStreet, we don’t believe in complying to strict keyword density percentages. Keyword stuffing can lead to big penalties from Google, and it’s jarring for readers, which could turn them off from your website completely. We like our copy to be organic and readable, and we rely on natural opportunities for our keywords that will only enhance our content.

Does my domain name matter?

When it comes to achieving high search engine ranking, your domain name does matter. However, you should avoid keyword stuffing, just as you would with your content, and opt for a professional, memorable, keyword rich domain instead. PaperStreet can provide detailed hints and tips on how to choose a great domain name for your law firm.

How does social media impact my SEO?

Just because your practice’s Facebook page has thousands of likes doesn’t mean you’ll skyrocket to the front page of Google. However, social media marketing campaigns, like Facebook or Instagram ads, are a great compliment to a solid SEO campaign and can lead to increased traffic and even conversions for your website. More visitors, more backlinks and more engagement means higher rankings, and that’s exactly what we want to see.
Social media also allows you to build up a loyal community, which allows potential clients to see that you must be trustworthy and good at what you do if all of these people like you -- literally!

What are “White Hat” and “Black Hat” SEO?

White Hat versus Black Hat is essentially the SEO world’s version of good versus evil. Black Hat SEO strategies rely on unethical tactics like keyword stuffing and paid links to manipulate their search engine rankings, fast. Their techniques violate Google’s guidelines and can result in your website being penalized or even banned.
At PaperStreet, we rely on White Hat SEO. While it might take more time and effort, these techniques can and will achieve long-term success. We focus on high-quality backlinks; original, reader-friendly content; heavily-researched keywords and more to ensure results for our clients.

Are internal links good for SEO?

Yes. Internal links, or interlinking, allows Google to establish a hierarchy of pages for your website. This leads to a better experience for users, and it also allows search engines to access all pages of your website when scanning for content. It doesn’t matter how great your copy is, or how well it’s optimized. If your pages can’t be reached, they essentially don’t exist to Google, and they can’t help your rankings.

How long will SEO take?

SEO process can take anywhere from 60 days to over a year. The time it takes depends on your existing website, its content, its authority and the same for your competitors. Niche keyword phrases can be ranked high typically quicker than the most highly sought after phrases.

Will PPC ads help?

No. Although AdWords and organic search results appear on the same page, Google keeps its AdWords algorithm separate from its organic algorithm. Buying ads will not help you appear in the search results.

Questions to ask a SEO firm?

You should ask your SEO firm a lot:

  • Do they understand the legal market?
  • Do they have experience in the legal market?
  • How many campaigns do they manage?
  • What are some client success stories?
  • What are some client failures (you only truly learn through failure)?
  • How long have you been in business?
  • Do you have any pending litigation or criminal issues?
  • What is a timeline for success?
  • What is a key metric for success?
  • How much time will be required from our firm?

Do you outsource?

No, we do not outsource our work. We do all our own research, strategy, writing, editing, development, design, link building, reporting, analytics and consulting.

Can you work with my design / development team?

Yes, our team can work with any design and development team. We have worked on SEO only campaigns with marketing teams. Of course, we are also a web design and development team, so can assist as needed too.

Are back links still important?

Yes. Getting quality backlinks is still important. Ask us for our top 50 links and we can provide you a free report of links to obtain.

What are the best back links?

Quality back links are the key. We find getting media mentions in newspapers to be one of the best, although hardest to obtain. Up next would be good quality legal directories. You also need a broad social media profile, sharing of your website content, and links from city/community websites too.

Does page speed matter?

Yes. Google has indicated site speed (and as a result, page speed) is one of the signals used by its algorithm to rank pages.

Does title tags and meta tags still matter?

Yes. Yes. Yes. Title tags and meta tags definitely matter. They directly correspond to your click through rate.

How long should a page of content be?

We are recommending that your page content be above 500 words now. In fact, there is great research showing that 2,000+ word articles are now the default go-to size. Why? Typically this is enough words to answer the users question and provide a good amount of time on the website. This increases your dwell time and lowers the bounce rate of your site (if you answer the users question).

What is Short Tail vs. Medium Tail vs. Long-Tail SEO?

Here are some examples:

  • A short tail keyword phrase would be: criminal defense
  • A medium tail keyword phrase would be: New Orleans criminal defense lawyer
  • A long-tail keyword phrase would be: New Orleans criminal defense lawyer for DUI

You should optimize your website for medium tail keyword phrases, as often you will rank high naturally for long-tail and perhaps even short-tail.

What is On-site SEO?

On-site or on-page SEO is the technical optimization of your website. This can include title tags, meta descriptions, H1, H2, H3 tags, rich snippets, XML sitemaps, URL structure, internal linking, external linking, alt text, bold/strong, LSI, word count, and even usability to some degree.

What is Off-site SEO?

Off-site SEO is pretty much any technique you take to optimize your website through another site. In short, it is building links. It is making sure your NAP (Name Address Phone) are consistent on all other websites and directories. It is making sure you have great back links to your site from high quality sources. It is making sure you have a plan of action to write worthwhile content and become a trusted source on other sites.

What is Google Webmaster Tools?

Google WMT is a great tool for any website owner. You can see messages from Google, see crawl errors, search analytics, connection issues, robots.txt uploads, index new pages manually, upload site maps, see security issues, work with structured data and rich snippets, review AMP, see HTML improvements, internal links, links to your site, international targeting, mobile usability, blocked resources, remove URLs, XML sitemaps, and a lot of other cool features. INSTALL!!!!

What is a Sitemap? XML? HTML?

A sitemap is a list of pages on your website. The best form of this is an XML sitemap which you can submit directly to Google via Google Webmaster Tools.

What is a disavow request?

When you believe you have low quality backlinks pointing to your website, you should review them and perhaps submit a disavow to Google. Inside your Webmaster Tools console you can upload a disavow file which is a list of low quality websites that you no longer wish to be associated with.

How can I avoid Duplicate Content?

Duplicate content is having content that is too similar, if not identical to another page. You should only have one version of each page on your site. Sometimes issues with URL structure can create duplicate content issues. Sometimes just writing too similar pages can also have the same affect.
To help this first, have a site plan. Do not create thin content or doorway pages. Make sure that every page targets a variety of related keyword phrases. If pages are too similar, combine them into one longer page. Overall, you can also check out Copyscape and Google itself to determine duplicate content. There are also some other reporting tools that scan and analyze for duplicate content (aHREFS).

SEO vs. SEM

SEO stands for search engine optimization. SEM stands for search engine marketing. In short, they are roughly the same phrase, although some vendors will qualify any marketing activities related to search as SEM. So SEM can encompass both SEO and PPC (pay-per-click – Google Adwords).

What are the top ranking factors?

PageRank, Content and RankBrain. You can see articles on this here.

Does Blogging work? How often should I blog? How long should blog posts be?

Yes, blogging can work so long as your content is engaging and worthwhile. We are recommending most clients switch to long form blog posts vs. kicking out 500 word posts.

What is Blackhat SEO vs. Whitehat SEO?

Whitehat SEO is adhering to Google’s guidelines. Blackhat SEO is running afoul of Google’s guidelines. PaperStreet is a white hat agency. We build websites that get results through proven tactics of better design, better writing, and better usability. We adhere to all Google’s guidelines.

What is negative SEO?

This is the black hat tactic of trying to penalize a competitors website through offsite rankings factors (i.e. building links to your competitors site that are spam and low-quality). Don’t do this. It is a waste of everyone’s time and money.

Does my domain matter? Do keywords in the domain help?

Yes, keyword phrases in a domain seem to have some effect. Don’t force it though. A domain that starts with their target keyword has an edge over sites that either don’t have the keyword in their domain or have the keyword in the middle or end of their domain.

Does an SSL certificate help or does my IP address matter?

Yes, a SSL can have a small impact on search results. However, the benefits of SSL/TLS go beyond just SEO. It helps secure your website, give trust signal to users, and helps secure your web forms (and not give that unsecured notice). Transferring to SSL can be a bit tricky, as you need to get the write redirects in place or you end up with duplicate content. You also need to renew the SSL yearly (depending on the web host). Check out this really long article about SSLs and SEO for more ideas.

What should I do with link requests?

Delete. You should delete most link requests that you receive. They are not worth your time or effort.

What is the best domain to have?

We have written many articles on best domains. In our opinion domains should be:

  • Short
  • .com
  • Include your brand or keyword phrase if possible
  • Not be hard to spell
  • Not include hyphens

What is a ping / website index request?

Anytime you update your website, it can take Google several days to several weeks to notice the change. If the change is minor, then it may just be cost effective for Google to just update its index on its own. However, if you have access to Webmaster Tools, you can actually login and instruct Google to fetch your page. This will force it to reindex your new copy.

Will SEO help my law firm?

Yes, so long as you follow the best practices guidelines, SEO can help your site. You can also seriously mess up your website and hurt your rankings if you try to scheme / scam Google.


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